The Risk Analysis Center

The Risk Analysis Center is a major information resource on the subject of risks affecting humans. Its principal aim is to contribute to better public understanding of, and ability to evaluate, risk in everyday life.

The heart of the site is a large and ever growing on-line database that contains abstracts of risk-related information.

The abstracts are of articles containing information about risk that appear in the press (leading newspapers are scanned daily) and in scientific, medical and technical journals. Risk material is also included from sources such as books, papers and technical reports from academic, research and other institutions.

To select and view risk abstracts, click on the SEARCH button to the left.

A Risk Bibliography provides users of the service with a continually updated listing of published information on risk.

All About Risk contains articles and discussion papers on risk subjects. Contributions are welcomed (see contact details below) on subjects such as The Nature of Risk, History and Background, The Measurement of Risk, Methodological Issues, The Perception and Acceptability of Risk, The Management of Risk and Reviews of New Developments in Risk Studies.

A Directory provides links to other web sites and centers of expertise on the subject of risk.

The Risk Analysis Center is an independent service conceived and developed by NTC Publishing, a leading information provider operating worldwide. NTC Publishing, along with NTC Research, is part of the Information Sciences group, based in Henley-on-Thames, UK. We publish professional books, journals, magazines and newsletters, and provide research and industry forecasting services. We also have an active program of conferences and seminars. These activities are often in partnership with major companies, trade associations and government bodies.

NTC is one of the world’s foremost producers of economic research. We conduct continuous research in the UK, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Russia, Poland, Hong Kong and other countries, to provide original data on conditions in manufacturing, service, and construction economies and labour markets. Our surveys are regularly quoted in leading newspapers such as the Financial Times and are widely used by government, business and the financial markets.

In addition to the Risk Analysis Center, our other electronic services include the World Advertising Research Center, an online database supported by the leading advertising industry trade associations and professional bodies around the world; and The European Media Center, also at, a comprehensive online database containing media facts and figures on 29 European countries.

What is Invoicing and Billing

What Is Invoicing and Billing?

An invoice, which may also be called a bill, is a written agreement between a seller and a buyer that establishes an obligation that the buyer agrees to pay a set amount to the seller for goods or services. The bill of sale typically contains detailed information of the agreement, making it perfect for both the purchaser and seller to retain a copy for their records. However, there’s a bit more that goes into invoicing than meets the eye. This is one reason why investing in invoice software is a good idea for sellers. Below is a detailed breakdown of what goes into a bill and why it’s important for your company.

What Information Is Included on an Invoice?

One reason why a bill of sale is so important is all the information it provides to both the seller and buyer. Some of the information that you’re likely to find on a bill includes:

  • Names and addresses of the supplier and buyer,
  • Date of bill creation,
  • Contact information,
  • Detailed description of the services or products purchased, and
  • Terms of payment.

The terms of payment on a bill of sale are important because they specify the method in which the buyer will pay the seller. The terms will differ between each bill, but a common example is a Net 30-day agreement. This means that the buyer agrees to pay the entire amount due within the next 30 days. The seller and the buyer have to work out and set up their own terms of payment. Invoicing software can help companies keep track of the terms they set up for each of their customers. This allows businesses to be more flexible with consumer needs.

Invoicing Customers

When it’s time to send a bill of sale to your customers, there’s an array of information that you should include. Keeping up with all of the information that should be included can be challenging, but invoice software can make sure that you never miss any. When filling out a bill, you should start by

  • Identifying the Customer – Identifying the customer by name is important. You may also want to directly identify any sub-customers in the file.
  • Document Numbers – Include any documents numbers that are related to the sale. This should include any sales agreements, purchase orders or estimates that were previously discussed with the customer.
  • Identify All Sold Items – All items that are being sold in that transaction should be on the invoice, including actual physical goods as well as services and software. If you’re using invoice software, the total for each item will be calculated out for you, making the entire process easier.
  • Discounts and Deposits – If the consumer has already made a deposit or you’re giving a discount, it should be applied to the bill.

Other information that you should include on the bill of sale includes shipping information, if applicable, and any discounts available for paying the bill early. For example, let’s say that you have a customer who’s on a Net 30 payment plan. If the bill is paid within 10 days, you may decide to take 2 percent off the total. You could represent this like 2/10 Net/30.

Confusing Purchase Orders with a Bill of Sale

People often get purchase orders confused with bills. While they seem similar, a purchase order is given to a client before the transaction takes place. A bill is given to a client after the transaction. Purchase orders are generally used as a way for suppliers and vendors to record the orders that they receive.

Benefits of Bill of Sale Software

Software that can help your company write and manage your bills is important. In fact, this type of software can add a number of benefits to your business, including

  • Accuracy,
  • Professionalism,
  • Ease of use, and
  • Organization.

While not everyone is an accountant, it’s still important to keep up with all of your bill of sale files. This type of software can help you do just that. Some companies overlook this entire process, but in the end, it’s only hurting the business. Bill files give your company proof of the items it sells and the work it does. Without properly tracking them, you might find yourself in a tough situation very quickly.

Having a professional-looking bill of sale is important. Using software to create an official-looking bill will help you not only stay organized but also appear more professional to your clients.

Top 7 Tips for Choosing Reliable Risk Management Specialists

Choosing the right service provider has become increasingly hard since quacks and impostors have infiltrated the service provision industry. As a result, a lot of painstaking legwork is mandatory as you look for qualified and trustworthy risk management services. As such, this article highlights a few guidelines to help you find dependable risk management professionals. Continue reading to discover the top 7 tips for choosing competent and experienced professionals for risk management San Diego.

1. Experience

First, you should hire risk management experts who have satisfactorily helped a large number of previous clients in the past. To be sure that the company you hire is indeed experienced, ask them to table a list of the satisfied clients they have handled before. Personally contact such clients to be sure that the company in question really did a superior job.

2. Reputation

Given that some companies have given their reputation to the dogs, it is imperative to pick a highly regarded risk management professionals. Therefore, you ought to engage consumer protection platforms such as Better Business Bureau (BBB) to see how the company you select has been rated. Liaise with many notable stakeholders in the field so as to ascertain that the firm you contract has established an irreproachable track record of top-notch service provision.

3. The Internet

Because nearly every long-established risk management specialist has a comprehensive website where they have successfully described their services, your search for seasoned risk management services is reduced to the simple task of navigating from one website to another as you compare the nature of services offered by different firms out there. Most importantly, remember to look at the comments at the very bottom of the sites to see what past clients or visitors had to say about the risk management firm in question. Shun any hurriedly set up websites as this is a surefire sign of dishonesty.

4. Reviews

To avoid hiring inferior risk management services, you should look at the reviews that a certain firm has received from its past clients. Nonetheless, be extremely vigilant not to be duped by some dishonourable website owners who usually post their own reviews while pretending that the same were written by allegedly satisfied clients. Conduct further verification to make sure that the reviews you see were posted by actual clients.

5. Referrals

Needless to say, you are not the first individual to look for risk seasoned management specialists. As such, talk to other people such as your colleagues, relatives, and friends and ask them to suggest some honest risk management experts they have dealt with previously. Compile a comprehensive list of about twenty companies, and then whittle down the long list until you single out the most promising service providers.

6. Cost

While it is undeniably true that the cheapest is not necessarily the very best, this does not mean that you should not be on the look-out to avoid being overcharged by some unprincipled companies out there. One sure way of getting the best packages is not avoid hiring the very first risk management companies you come across out there. Instead, you should do extensive research so that you can get a rough overview of the prevailing rates before hiring the most reasonably priced risk management services.

7. Physical Office

Even though the availability of websites has reduced the need for physical offices, some top firms have still maintained them as an insurmountable proof of their unquestionable integrity. As such, you should hire risk managers who have physical offices. This means that you can personally trace the risk managers you contract in case the deal does not end up as anticipated.

The Future of Programmatic Marketing

Programmatic advertisingThe 21st century period presents the toughest time for digital marketers to build their brands and stay relevant to their audience. The reason being; there’s a serious fragmentation of the media, coupled with the rising explosion of personalized media – and this crops so rapidly, leaving little to no chance for the average digital marketer to succeed. See the rapid rise of sites such as Flipboard and Pinterest, and how they are quickly shifting the digital landscape.
Smart marketers continue to rely on a vast array of data to make sense of the market. But you see, they have to work alongside programmers who will be able to customize the message and deliver it in the most relevant way. The act of delivering these targeted messages is what we call programmatic marketing – a concept that is still new. However, it’s also crystal clear that the future of digital marketing is here, so marketers who won’t catch up will be left behind.

The Various Channels
Digital marketers have no choice but to reach to an audience who uses multiple devices and channels to browse the web. But it’s also clear that tracking a consumer who uses a smartphone, a tablet or a laptop while making sure that each message is customized for the relevant device remains a technological challenge – and this could explain why so many businesses/brands haven’t found a solution yet.

Directing Messages Precisely
Programmatic advertising opens up opportunities for marketers to target their consumers more precisely. They have so much data to work with – from devices consumers use to browse the web, pages they visit, to the social graphs they share across other users. This means that they can now shoot at the target more precisely than ever before.

A Case Study
Let’s take an example of site re-targeting. If you’re searching for H&M Oxford t-shirt, then surf other sites as well, you might come across an ad displaying H&M oxford T-shirt – the very piece you were looking for. You’d simply come across ads displaying the same t-shirt, despite never having to visit the official H&M website.

Questions that Arise
Obviously, digital marketers are asking the question of why the need to tie this technology to display advertising alone. After all, they can still deliver information, while benefiting from the same automated targeting, which guides their audience through the purchase process, coupled with both personal and relevant information.

But it isn’t surprising that programmatic marketing is going beyond display advertising. You realize that tech-savvy marketers now reach their audience through hyper-targeted offers right in their mail inbox. For example, when you run an e-commerce website and you know that majority of your users only look at the product page, the next step you would take is to deliver an email into their inbox, describing the very products they see on the homepage of your site.

Again, when a user reads a review about your product, you want to be a part of that conversation by giving them accurate product information of what they’ve just read.

These automated messages must be customized for different channels. Because of the smartphone era, it means there’s opportunity for coupons and point-of-sale offers. Some customers will use their smartphones to access discounts online (depending on the platform they are in). But again, a point-of-sale offer might be presented differently to someone browsing that offer using a desktop at work.

Furthermore, the offer might even be more effective if it’s customized for evening shopping on tablet devices. And just to add, there’s need for the broader message to remain consistent even when the offer changes. It sounds daunting and complex, but at the end of it all, programmatic marketing enhances performance while cutting costs.

Risk Related Journals

The following is a list of risk related journals

Annals of Internal Medicine

Health, Risk & Society…

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment

Journal of the American Medical Association

Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health

Journal of the National Cancer Institute (USA)

Journal of Risk Research…

Journal of Risk and Uncertainty

New Scientist

Risk Analysis
Official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis

Risk: Health, Safety and Environment
Official journal of the Risk Assessment and Policy Association

Risk Management: An International Journal

Toxicological Sciences
One of the official journals of the Society of Toxicology

IDC Risk And Data Centers

Traditional datacenters were built to host static, or at best, slowly evolving compute platforms, targeting cheap space, network connectivity, and favorable locations. At the same time, IT elements were purchased and built in horizontal silos — storage, server, network, and application. This is all starting to change, according to International Data Corporation (IDC), as visible portions of facility and hardware spending are now captured by pre-integrated, industrialized solutions.

“The push toward faster time to market is becoming apparent, with datacenters under pressure to deliver internal and external services more quickly, while avoiding large speculative capital investment,” said Giorgio Nebuloni, research manager with IDC’s Enterprise Server Group. “The Web era brings with it new levels of expectation; technology is becoming easier to consume on tap. This is leading to a review of purchasing processes and a greater openness towards prebuilt solutions, both on the facility as well as on the back-end system side of the datacenter. Needless to say, automation is a key ingredient for success at all levels.”

Containerized Datacenter for High Density, Modular Rooms for Service Providers

As compute density skyrockets and the cost of computing power decreases further, energy constraints and higher electricity prices are becoming relevant issues, especially for scale-out datacenters. As a response, suppliers have been developing solutions such as containers or modular “foldable” steel datacenters, with second and third generation products now on the market and adoption growing both in scale-out customers as well as in pockets of the midmarket.

“With the number of computing cores shipped into Europe growing at double digits despite low server shipment growth, power and cooling density has been growing dramatically,” said Chris Ingle, associate VP Consulting, IDC System Infrastructure Solutions. “Combine that with constrained budgets for capital expenses in the midmarket and financial sector and it becomes clear that modular facilities, or, in cases where high cooling density or small environments are required, containerized solutions become increasingly attractive.

“A recent IDC survey showed that around 15% of European enterprises are using or plan to use modular or containerized facilities. While they currently account for only a small portion of the datacenter facility spending in Europe, this will remain a key segment, with growth in the 30%–40% range over the next few years, led by deployments in Northern Europe and emerging markets.”

Converged and Integrated Blocks Keep Inching Up

IDC distinguishes between converged systems (targeted at virtualized, multipurpose environments, including but not exclusive to platforms for private cloud) and integrated platforms (targeted at specific workloads and embedding higher layers of software, including middleware and database). Both product categories are meant to accelerate deployment time by removing some of the tweaking and fine-tuning of server, network, and storage components. Survey data shows that the more advanced, larger customers look to these as a way to improve business agility (first priority) and improve staff efficiency (second priority). Smaller datacenters, meanwhile, seem still to be looking at pure technology benefits (improved utilization of resources, improved disaster recovery), which IDC believes should be secondary drivers.

“We have tracked several hundred million dollars spent on hardware for converged systems and integrated platforms in EMEA in 2012, and expect spending in those product segments to keep growing in double digits, largely outpacing low growth for spending in servers and storage in 2013,” said Donna Taylor, research director with IDC’s European Storage group. “Pricing and pricing perception will play an important role in this — only around 30% of the European customers we interviewed were ready to pay more than the sum of list prices of each single product delivered separately — a sign that education efforts need to continue.”

Enterprises and service providers have started thinking beyond the old silos of legacy systems and distributed, unmanaged x86 environments toward a multiform ecosystem bundled together with broader system management tools. “Our advice would be to evaluate converged and integrated architectures as future building blocks, but make sure suppliers’ roadmaps and approaches are aligned with your own IT strategy. Pre-integrated blocks should not become monoliths, but must be manageable within the existing hardware landscape,” said Giorgio Nebuloni.

Risk Related Links and Resources

Here you can find a list of links for anything risk related and use these as sources in any research you are undertaking.


Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry – Science Corner

ATSDR Science Corner is a gateway to environmental health information and resources. It is a simple and user friendly guide to searching the World Wide Web for environmental health information. The primary focus is to find and share global information resources with the public on the linkage between human exposure to hazardous chemicals and adverse human health effects.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry – HazDat

HazDat, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry’s Hazardous Substance Release/Health Effects Database, is a scientific and administrative database developed to provide access to information on the release of hazardous substances and on the effects of hazardous substances on the health of human populations.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry – ToxFAQs

ATSDR ToxFAQs is a series of summaries about hazardous substances being developed by the ATSDR Division of Toxicology.

The goals of this site are to provide an internet resource for the latest news in aviation safety and to maintain a database with information about past accidents.

Dedicated to answering some of the many questions that airline passengers and travel professionals may have about airline safety.

Argonne National Library – Environmental Assessment Division

The Environmental Assessment Division of Argonne National Laboratory develops assessments of the impacts of proposed human actions on the environment and on human health and safety, and evaluates the effectiveness of alternative actions and of possible mitigation and restoration strategies.

Arsenic Calamity in Bangladesh

Detailed site of reports, references and latest statistics relating to the Bangladeshis’ struggle to find safe drinking water.

Asian AIDS Resources

The impact of AIDS in Asia is staggering. Although Africa has the largest number of people living with HIV, South and South-East Asia is the region where HIV is spreading fastest. The site features a host of resources on the impact of AIDS in Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, the US and Canada.

Aviation Safety Network

“Providing everyone with a (professional) interest in aviation with up-to-date, complete and reliable authoritative information on airliner accidents and safety issues.” Also features a database with comprehensive listings of all airliner hull-loss accidents since 1945.

[Back to top] B

British Scareways – Aircraft safety

Reports and commentary on aircraft safety issues.

BIBRA International

Independent non-profit-making research organisation promoting research and other scientific work in toxicology. BIBRA provides advice, consultancy, evaluation and review of information, a current awareness service, database access and experimental studies as appropriate for: industrial, environmental and agricultural chemicals; packaging materials; food additives, contaminants and nutrients; cosmetic ingredients; pharmaceutical excipients.

British Safety Council (BSC)

The British Safety Council is the largest industrial occupational health and safety, fire prevention and risk management organisation in the world. It promotes best practice in health, safety and the environment, aiming to provide organisations with a wide range of services and products to avoid injuries, sickness, disease and loss of life.

[Back to top] C

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety – Health & Safety related Internet resources

An extensive collection of health and safety related internet links.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)

Site includes an A–Z health information service, information on travellers’ health, data and statistics and other resources.

Centre for Risk Research – Stockholm School of Economics

This research centre focuses on risk perception and risk communication, especially with regard to technology and environment questions. Projects include Riskpercom: A Five Nation CEC Project; Energy Consumption And Energy Saving; Individual And Collective Reactions To Risks.

Chemical Hazards Communications Society

The Society aims to provide information and training guidance to as many individuals as possible, regardless of whether they work in small or large companies, for associations or for government, involved with the ever increasing complexity of chemical hazards regulations and international codes.

Coffee Science Source

‘The online source for coffee, caffeine and health information’, was created by the National Coffee Association to gather and disseminate information on coffee, caffeine and health in the USA. The information, ranging from the effects of caffeine on women’s health to caffeine and cardiovascular disease is collected from scientific journals, industry, reports and other reputable sources and is carefully reviewed by experts in the field.

[Back to top] D


The online information service on diesel exhaust emissions, emission control, diesel engines, fuels, etc.

Disaster Center

This US-based site provides news, statistics and advice about a variety of natural disasters, from floods and huricanes to El Niño and the millennium bug.

[Back to top] E


EnviroLink is a non-profit organisation dedicated to providing the most comprehensive, up-to-date environmental resources available.

Environmental Hazards Assessment Program (EHAP)

The Environmental Hazards Assessment Program (EHAP) is the Medical University of South Carolina’s comprehensive, integrated effort to identify and address issues of environmental risk to human health.

Environmental Risk Management

The University of Alberta provides the full text of its ERM Newsletter, ERM Working Papers and a lists a number of related sites.

The Ergonomics Society

The Ergonomics Society represents the professional interests of over 1000 ergonomists throughout the United Kingdom and abroad. It aims to promote the awareness, education and application of ergonomics in industry, commerce, the public sector and government, and the public domain in general.

[Back to top] H

Health Education Authority (UK)

The Health Education Authority is England’s lead body in health promotion, helping people nationally and internationally to make sustainable improvements in health, and working to reduce health inequalities. The site contains an extensive list of health-related links.

Health Promotion Information Centre

HPIC is the national centre for health promotion information and advice, which supports and develops capacity for effective health promotion at a local, national and international level. The MultiMedia Unit offers advice on the effective use of information and communication technologies for health promotion.

[Back to top] I

Institute for Occupational Ergonomics (IOE)

The Institute for Occupational Ergonomics (IOE) is a major ergonomics research and consultancy group, based within the University of Nottingham. The purpose of the IOE is to provide high quality advice, investigations and training in ergonomics to all sectors of industry and commerce, labour organisations and government. Its publications include: Reducing the Risks of Work Related Upper Limb Disorders: A Guide and Methods; Safer Handling of Loads at Work – A Practical Ergonomic Guide; The Ergonomics of Workspaces and Machines: A Design Manual; The Ergonomics of Working Postures: Models, Methods and Cases.

The Institute of Food Science & Technology (UK)

The IFST is the independent incorporated professional qualifying body for food scientists and technologists in the UK. The site includes reports on “hot topics” such as Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), Risk Assessment of Natural Toxicants in Food and the fat substitute Olestra.

Institute of Risk Management (UK)

UK professional institute that promotes excellence in the practice of risk management.

Institution of Occupational Safety and Health

Europe’s leading body for individuals with a professional involvement in occupational safety and health. IOSH promotes the important function of the safety and health professional while also working to encourage employees to protect themselves and their colleagues from workplace hazards.

Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety

The Forum is a mechanism for co-operation between governments for promotion of chemical risk assessment and the environmentally sound management of chemicals.

The Integrated Risk Information Service

This site, developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and its Office of Research and Development, the National Center for Environmental Assessment, is a database of human health effects that may result from exposure to various substances found in the environment.

International Agency for Research on Cancer

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) is part of the World Health Organisation. IARC’s mission is to co-ordinate and conduct research on the causes of human cancer, the mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and to develop scientific strategies for cancer control.

International Food Information Council

The purpose of the International Food Information Council (IFIC) Foundation is to provide sound, scientific information on food safety and nutrition to journalists, health professionals, educators, government officials and consumers. IFIC is a non-profit organisation based in Washington, D.C.

International Institute of Risk and Safety Management (IIRSM)

A professional body for health and safety practitioners. Aims ‘to advance professional standards in accident prevention and occupational health throughout the world.’ Membership is open to all individuals who have an interest in occupational health, safety and risk management.

International Occupational Safety & Health Information Service

The International Occupational Safety and Health Information Centre (CIS) is a service of the International Labour Office in Geneva, Switzerland. The major objective of CIS is to be a world-wide service dedicated to the collection and dissemination of information on the prevention of occupational accidents and diseases.

International Society of Exposure Analysis

The Society was established in 1989 to foster and advance the science of exposure analysis related to environmental contaminants, both for human populations and ecosystems.

International Toxicity Estimates for Risk

A database of human health risk values and supporting information, with information from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) and Health Canada.

[Back to top] J

Junk Science Home Page

Steve Milloy, author of Science Without Sense, casts a critical eye over health research.

[Back to top] L

London Hazards Centre

The London Hazards Centre exists to support Londoners organising against hazards, through advice, information, training and other forms of practical action. It publishes practical handbooks on health and safety in the workplace and community, covering topics such as: chemicals, RSI, asbestos, VDUs, stress, sick buildings, pesticides, and lighting.

[Back to top] M


A health site aimed at the layperson which includes a Health Fact of the Week, a medical dictionary, medical news and the opportunity to discuss your problems with other site users or physicians.


A medical site for both clinicians and consumers. The site includes the largest collection of free, full-text, peer-reviewed clinical medicine articles; unrestricted free access to MEDLINE, AIDSLINE, & TOXLINE; DrugSearch, providing easy searching of the National Drug Data File drug database from First DataBank; daily medical news and Merriam Webster’s Medical Dictionary online.

[Back to top] N

National Food Safety Database (US)

This site is split into three sections: consumer-related information; educator-related information; and industry-related information. There are also pages dedicated to daily news and meetings and conferences.

National Safety Council (US)

The National Safety Council has been working for generations to protect lives and promote health with innovative programs. A non-profit, non-governmental, international public service organisation dedicated to improving the safety, health and environmental well-being of all people.

Natural Hazards Center

The Natural Hazards Center, located at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA, is a national and international clearinghouse for information on natural hazards and human adjustments to hazards and disasters. The Natural Hazards Center carries out its mission in four principal areas: information dissemination, an annual workshop, research, and library services. The center’s prime goal is to increase communication among hazard/disaster researchers and those individuals, agencies, and organizations that are actively working to reduce disaster damage and suffering.

[Back to top] O

OncoLink (University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center)

OncoLink was founded in 1994 by Penn cancer specialists with a mission to help cancer patients, families, health care professionals and the general public get accurate cancer-related information at no charge. Through OncoLink you can get comprehensive information about specific types of cancer, updates on cancer treatments and news about research advances.

[Back to top] R

Rate your Risk

The Metro Nashville Police Department invites people to rate their chances of being crime victims.

Reuters Health Information Services

This site includes a variety of professional services you have to pay to subscribe to, but also provides Health eLine, which contains news stories about health issues updated every eight to ten days and a searchable weekly archive.

Risk Assessment and Policy Association

The RAPA’s objective is to explore issues of assessment and management of health, safety and environmental risks and to further the education and professional development of individuals sharing this objective.

The Risk Assessment Information System

Provides environmental risk assessment expertise for the U.S. Department of Energy.

The Risk Communication Network

CER is a self-contained interdisciplinary unit within the University of East Anglia working at the forefront of environmental and risk research. CER has the ability to evaluate and seek solutions to environmental problems and to apply the latest risk management research to practical problems faced by Government, industry and the public sector.

Risk List

Resources for the Risk Manager – designed to help Risk Managers find relevant starting points and risk resources on the Internet for their research.

Risk World

Covers new and views on risk assessment and risk management.

[Back to top] S


An environmental information service provided by the U.S. Environmental Defense Fund.

Society for Risk Analysis

The American Society for Risk Analysis – provides an open forum for those interested in risk analysis.

Society of Toxicology

An international organisation (though based in the US) which promotes awareness of knowledge in toxicology, as well as research into the subject. The society represents relevant parties in academia, industry and the government.

Something Fishy Website on Eating Disorders

A large collection of resources on anorexia, bulimia, overeating. The site features information about the physcial dangers, online support, chat, and other areas.

[Back to top] T

Target Risk – Dealing with the danger of death, disease and damage in everyday decisions.

The full text of this book by Gerald J.S. Wilde (Toronto, 1994) is available online.

Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment

Toxicology Excellence for Risk Assessment (TERA) is a non-profit corporation dedicated to the best use of toxicity data for risk assessment.

[Back to top] U

University of the Basque Country – Risk Summer Courses

This site contains information on the University of the Basque Country’s Risk Summer Courses which take place in the Miramar Palace in San Sebastian. The web site is in both English and Spanish. There are a number of courses available in English.

University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee – Environmental Health, Safety and Risk Management

This site lists links to Internet sites on environmental-occupational health, safety, and risk management topics.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) – International Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals (IRPTC)

The centre for all chemicals-related activities of the United Nations Environment Programme. Aims to help governments take needed global actions for the sound management of chemicals, by promoting the exchange of information on chemicals, and by helping to build the capacities of countries around the world to use chemicals safely.

US Office of Environment, Safety and Health – Technical information Services

Technical Information Services (TIS) is the Department of Energy’s environment, safety, and health (ES&H) information resource. TIS is a comprehensive collection of information sources and services designed to empower the ES&H professional.

[Back to top] W

West Bengal & Bangladesh Arsenic Crisis Information Centre

Online focal point for the environmental health disaster in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India, where millions of people are drinking ground water heavily contaminated with arsenic. Site includes infobank of news articles, scientific papers, comprehensive links to other relevant sites, online forum, email newsletter, and local site search.

World Health Organisation

Includes extensive information on health topics and links to useful information sources.

[Back to top] Y

Your Health Is Your Business

A Health Promotion and Wellness Resource for Individuals, Worksites, Communities, and Health Professionals.